Arnabay Nurzhanov, Gulim Kadirkulova, Zapikhan Karabaeva, Igor Krupko, Turgunbaev Yerlan, Saule Tulbassiyeva


Abstract. In the religious beliefs of the Huns and the ancient Turks totemism occupied an important place. Totemism - is the most ancient form of religion. The first gods were certain animals. As you know, the cult of animals originated in ancient times, when “primitive” man had not yet separated himself from the nature and all tribal relations, and ancient man identified himself with the animal world. Image of the wolf is one of the most significant symbols of
animals of different peoples of the world. In many cultures, it plays a special role, it is a huge cult and carries ritual and social values. In the myths, folklore and fairy tales wolf symbolizes ferocity, cunning, cruelty, evil, but also courage and victory. In addition, under certain circumstances, the wolf could be a powerful protector of the helpless creatures.
Common to many mythologies of Eurasia is a story about the founder of the tribe (and sometimes his twin) that was parented by she-wolf. There are a lot of stories about wolves – the grandparents; Roman legend of the Capitoline she-wolf suckled Romulus and Remus; ancient Iran – about a she-wolf suckled Cyrus, etc.
Keywords: archeology, cult, wolf, Turks, Tengri.

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