AN OVERVIEW OF WOMEN AND THEIR PROBLEMS IN TANZIMAT (REFORM) ERA BASED ON THE NOVEL “ESCAPADE” (SERGÜZEŞT)
Abstract. The Imperial Edict of Gulhane, which was proclaimed in 1839, marked a breakthrough in the civilization understanding which was in domination for centuries. After that year Turkish society adopted rapid cultural changes in almost every field and tried to renovate itself in many areas by seeing an example in the West and especially in France. Literary works are the most important sources that we can refer to in order to understand this change and some problems that it led to. It is clear that careful and detailed reading of such novels will reveal many points that are left between the lines or somehow went unnoticed until today (Nazoktabar & Tohidi, 2014; Muyambiri & Chabaefe, 2018). Based on these premises, an attempt has been made to analyze in detail from the viewpoint of problems between men and women the “Sergüzeşt” novel which is considered an important work of Tanzimat Era by representing the
transition from romanticism to realism in Turkish literature. Departing from the main character of the novel, Dilber, the authors tried to display the cariye (female slaves) character portrayed in Tanzimat novels and some problems related to women which developed within the female slavery understanding of that period.
Keywords: Woman, Slavery, Freedom, Education, Love.
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