FREQUENCY AND PREDICTOR FACTORS OF IRREVERSIBLE PULPITIS

Fatemeh Ayatollahi, Mohammad Hasan Akhavan Karbasi, Mahdi Tabrizizadeh, Siamak Samanipoor, Milad Hazeri Baqdad Abad, Fatemeh Hashemi

Abstract


Abstract. Objective: Referral pains are one of the most common challenges which dentists are faced with them during diagnosis and before treatment. Pain referral can take place in tooth and other craniofacial structures and influence the diagnostic process. The present study was accomplished to evaluate the prevalence of irreversible pulpitis in patients
refferd to Endodontic department of dental school of shahid Sadoughi University in 2017 with chief complaint of pain. Methods: This study is a descriptive and cross-sectional type of study conducted on 100 patients(21 males and 79 females) refferd to Endodontic department of dental school of shahid Sadoughi University in 2017 with chief complaint of pain. Informed consent was taken from patients. Data obtained from medical history, dentistry history, clinical examinations, and radiography were recorded in questionnaire developed for this purpose. Finally, the data were analyzed using SPSS18 software, Chi-square and Fisher exact test. Results: In the present research, the prevalence of irreversible pulpitis was obtained to be 77%. This prevalence in female was significantly more than males (P-value = 0.021). Patients with irreversible pulpit significantly reported more severe pain (p-value=0.000) and pain at the real site (p-value=0.028).The frequency of irreversible pulpitis showed no significant correlation with age and type of pain (P-value<0.05). Conclusion: Considering the findings of this research, the prevalence of irreversible pulpitis in patients refferd to Endodontic department of dental school of shahid Sadoughi University in 2017 with chief complaint of pain was three times more than that of other
diseases. This frequency showed significant relationship with factors of gender, pain severity, and the pain feeling site.
Keywords: Irreversible pulpitis, pain, root canal treatment.


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