THE STUDY OF THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES BASED ON ULTRASOUND (SONOGRAPHY) RESULTS OBTAINED FROM CHILDREN WITH CALCULUS STONE IN ONE OF THE MEDICAL CENTERS OF TEHRAN PROVINCE
Abstract. Background and Goal: urinary infections are invasions to any urinary systems by microbial factors. This infection is the most common urinary infection and is the second most commonly reported infection in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of infectious diseases based on ultrasound (sonography) results
obtained from children with calculus stone in a medical center in Tehran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in children who were in the Mofid hospital due to problems with calculus stone in 1397. First, specifications of all patients admitted with calculus stone were recorded. All children with calculus stones were under ultrasound
(sonography) of the kidneys and urinary system, and the number, condition and dispersion of the stones were recorded and examined. Findings: 31 children in hospital in the Nephrology department were studied which were 58.68% girl and 41.49% boy and on all of them ultrasound (sonography) was done. Blood and kidney ultrasound (sonography) findings (48.38%) and (22.58%) respectively, were abnormal. In the study of ultrasound (sonography) findings, the most common results were 21/21% remaining urine volume and 30/80% increase in bladder thickness, after which the stasis in the pilocalysis system was 9.26%, 9% kidney anomalies and 4.5% stones. Conclusion: The epidemiology of urinary infections was 32% of girls (form 58.6% female) and 22% male (from 41.94% male), which indicates a high level of urinary infections, especially in the female population.
Keywords: Calculus Stones, Infectious Diseases, Urinary Infections, Ultrasound (sonography), Kidney Stones.
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