THE EFFECT OF EDUCATION ON GENERAL DENTISTS’ KNOWLEDGE OF DENTAL TRAUMA MANAGEMENT
Abstract. Background: The complexity of dentoalveolar trauma needs proper knowledge and skills by dentist to treat them appropriately. There is evidence in the literature that general dentists do not have sufficient level of knowledge in this regard. Objective: To assess the effect of training by distance education via cell phone text messaging as well as showing posters on the knowledge of general dentists with regard to management of dental
traumas in Zahedan, Iran in 2014. Methods: In this experimental study, 86 general dentists were included.. Firstly, the particpants’ knowledge of dental trauma management was determined using a standard questionnaire. The questionnaire responses was based on the 2013 Dental Trauma Guide with scoring system (with total score range of 0 to 29). Then,
educational intervention was started and explanations with correct answers to the items covered in the questionnaire were presented to the particpants via showing posters or sending text messages by cell phones every 48 hours for 2 weeks. Once more, post-test with the questionnaire was done. Results: Before education, older dentists (> 41 years old)
had significantly lower mean (SD) knowledge score (14.86 ± 3.48) vs. younger dentists (19.63 ± 4.17 in 31-40 years and 17.51± 4.85 in 25-30 years groups); P= 0.004. Mean (±SD) knowledge score before the education was 17.79 (±4.67) which increased to 24.2 (±2.93) after the education (P< 0.001). Conclusion: Education about dental trauma for
general dentists via showing posters and sendings message texts by cell phone was an effective method with significant results.
Keywords: Dental; trauma; knowledge; education; cell phone; distance education.
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