M.A. Gasanova, Marisa O. Ibragimova


Abstract. This article considers the problems of the sociolinguistic and linguistic conditionsfor the functioning of languages in a multi-ethnic and multicultural region of the Republic of Dagestan.Such a multi aspect scientific problem includes the study of various types of interference in the Russian language of Dagestanis and the analysis of the specifics of their Russian language, the problems of the linguistic identity of students in Dagestan schools and
universities, the dynamics of the development of the language situation and the research of the role and importance of Russian as a factor of interethnic interaction in the region. The Russian language is acquired in contact with national languages, acquiring characteristic specificity at all language levels. This serves to form a specific version of the Russian language. The regional version of the Russian literary language - ethnolect - is formed on the basis of not one,
but various numerous ethnic groups, which leads to its internal heterogeneity.
Keywords: Russian language, Dagestan languages, sociolinguistics, language situation, national language corps, interference, bilingualism, national-Russian bilingualism.

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